Download Intellectual Curiosity and the Scientific Revolution by Huff PDF

By Huff

Seventeenth-century Europe witnessed a unprecedented flowering of discoveries and concepts. This examine, starting with the Dutch-invented telescope of 1608, casts Galileo's discoveries right into a worldwide framework. even supposing the telescope was once quickly transmitted to China, Mughal India, and the Ottoman Empire, these civilizations didn't reply as Europeans did to the recent device. In Europe, there has been a unprecedented burst of ideas in microscopy, human anatomy, optics, pneumatics, electric reviews, and the technological know-how of mechanics. the majority of these aided the emergence of Newton's innovative grand synthesis, which unified terrestrial and celestial physics less than the legislations of common gravitation. That fulfillment had substantial implications for all facets of contemporary technological know-how, expertise, and financial improvement. the industrial implications are set out within the concluding epilogue. some of these specific advancements recommend why the West skilled a unique clinical and financial ascendancy of no less than 4 centuries.

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Download Packaged Pleasures: How Technology and Marketing by Gary S. Cross,Robert N. Proctor PDF

By Gary S. Cross,Robert N. Proctor

From the sweet bar to the cigarette, files to curler coasters, a technological revolution over the last sector of the 19th century brought on a gigantic shift in human intake and sensual adventure.  Food, drink, and lots of different buyer items got here to be heavily produced, bottled, canned, condensed, and distilled, unleashing new and intensified surges of enjoyment, satisfaction, thrill—and addiction.

In Packaged Pleasures, Gary S. move and Robert N. Proctor delve into an uncharted bankruptcy of yank historical past, laying off new gentle at the origins of contemporary customer tradition and the way applied sciences have reworked human sensory adventure.  In the distance of just a couple of a long time, junk meals, cigarettes, videos, recorded sound, and thrill rides caused a revolution in what it ability to style, odor, see, listen, and contact.  New ideas of boxing, labeling, and tubing gave shoppers nearly limitless entry to pleasures they can easily unwrap and revel in. brands generated a likely unending circulate of sugar-filled, high-fat meals that have been scrumptious yet unsafe to health and wellbeing.  Mechanically rolled cigarettes entered the marketplace and speedy addicted hundreds of thousands.  And many different packaged pleasures dulled or displaced ordinary and social delights. but lots of those comparable new applied sciences additionally provided handy and potent drugs, unheard of possibilities to take pleasure in track and the visible arts, and extra hygienic, assorted, and nutritious food and drinks. For greater or for worse, sensation turned mechanized, commercialized, and, to a wide quantity, democratized through being made affordable and available. pass and Proctor have brought an ingeniously built background of consumerism and buyer expertise that may make us all reconsider a few of our favourite things.

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Download Fighting Traffic: The Dawn of the Motor Age in the American by Peter D. Norton PDF

By Peter D. Norton

Before the appearance of the auto, clients of urban streets have been diversified and integrated youngsters at play and pedestrians at huge. via 1930, so much streets have been essentially a motor thoroughfares the place young children didn't belong and the place pedestrians have been condemned as "jaywalkers." In Fighting Traffic, Peter Norton argues that to house autos, the yank urban required not just a actual switch but additionally a social one: earlier than town may be reconstructed for the sake of motorists, its streets needed to be socially reconstructed as locations the place motorists belonged. It used to be no longer an evolution, he writes, yet a bloody and occasionally violent revolution. Norton describes how road clients struggled to outline and redefine what streets have been for. He examines advancements within the the most important transitional years from the 1910s to the Thirties, uncovering a wide anti-automobile crusade that reviled motorists as "road hogs" or "speed demons" and automobiles as "juggernauts" or "death cars." He considers the views of all users--pedestrians, police (who needed to develop into "traffic cops"), road railways, downtown companies, site visitors engineers (who frequently observed automobiles because the challenge, now not the solution), and vehicle promoters. He unearths that pedestrians and oldsters campaigned in ethical phrases, combating for "justice." towns and downtown companies attempted to control site visitors within the identify of "efficiency." automobile curiosity teams, in the meantime, legitimized their declare to the streets by way of invoking "freedom" -- a rhetorical stance of specific strength within the usa. Fighting Traffic bargains a brand new examine either the origins of the automobile urban in the US and the way social teams form technological change.

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Download The Rise of Nuclear Fear by Spencer R. Weart PDF

By Spencer R. Weart

After the Fukushima Nuclear energy Plant had a meltdown, protesters world wide challenged nuclear energy. weather swap hasn't ever aroused this visceral dread. Weart dissects this paradox, displaying that strong photographs surrounding nuclear power carry us captive, permitting worry, instead of proof, to force our pondering and public policy.

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Download Dreams of Other Worlds: The Amazing Story of Unmanned Space by Chris Impey,Holly Henry PDF

By Chris Impey,Holly Henry

Dreams of different Worlds describes the unmanned area missions that experience opened new home windows on far-off worlds. Spanning 4 many years of dramatic advances in astronomy and planetary technology, this booklet tells the tale of 11 iconic exploratory missions and the way they've got essentially remodeled our clinical and cultural views at the universe and our position in it.

The trip starts with the Viking and Mars Exploration Rover missions to Mars, which paint a startling photo of a planet on the cusp of habitability. It then strikes into the world of the fuel giants with the Voyager probes and Cassini's ongoing exploration of the moons of Saturn. The Stardust probe's dramatic round-trip come across with a comet is introduced vividly to lifestyles, as are the SOHO and Hipparcos missions to review the solar and Milky approach. This stunningly illustrated e-book additionally explores how our view of the universe has been introduced into sharp concentration by means of NASA's nice observatories--Spitzer, Chandra, and Hubble--and how the WMAP challenge has supplied infrequent glimpses of the sunrise of creation.

Dreams of different Worlds finds how those unmanned exploratory missions have redefined what it potential to be the transitority tenants of a small planet in an unlimited cosmos.

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Download History of Technology Volume 8 by Norman Smith PDF

By Norman Smith

The technical difficulties confronting various societies and sessions, and the measures taken to resolve them shape the worry of this annual selection of essays. Volumes comprise technical articles ranging largely in topic, time and area, in addition to basic papers at the heritage of know-how. as well as facing the background of technical discovery and alter, History of know-how also explores the kinfolk of expertise to different features of lifestyles -- social, cultural and fiscal -- and exhibits how technological improvement has formed, and been formed via, the society during which it occurred.

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Download Metalworking through History: An Encyclopedia (Handicrafts by Ana M. Lopez PDF

By Ana M. Lopez

Metalworking via heritage presents a finished, historical review of the topic of metalworking whereas exploring it inside of its cultural context. it really is written from the point of view that the crafting of gadgets in steel is a distinct method of figuring out a selected time and tradition. As a huge encyclopedia of metalworking, it permits the reader to view the several societies and classes that produced paintings during this medium as a part of an international, interrelated perform. made from over sixty entries on appropriate time sessions, cultures, makers and methods, the e-book is a much-needed normal reference textual content within the survey of this craft. the topics span the entire significant metalworking classes and peoples, from the rituals of African iron smelting to the 20th century studio circulation. impressive person makers are highlighted to offer extra perception into the days at which they have been lively. moreover, the fabrics and methods utilized in the act of metalworking are sincerely defined in phrases which are simply understood by way of a practitioner with tacit wisdom of the medium. advised additional readings and cross-references permit for the growth of analysis and extra examine. it's a good first source for realizing the strategies and terminology of the traditional and pervasive craft of metalworking. quantity comprises 8 pages of colour plates, and black and white images throughout.

Metalworking via heritage offers a entire, historical review of the topic of metalworking whereas exploring it inside of its cultural context. it truly is written from the viewpoint that the crafting of gadgets in steel is a distinct approach of knowing a specific time and tradition. As a extensive encyclopedia of metalworking, it permits the reader to view different societies and sessions that produced paintings during this medium as a part of a world, interrelated perform. made out of over sixty entries on appropriate time classes, cultures, makers and approaches, the ebook is a much-needed normal reference textual content within the survey of this craft. the topics span all of the significant metalworking classes and peoples, from the rituals of African iron smelting to the 20th century studio stream. extraordinary person makers are highlighted to offer extra perception into the days at which they have been energetic. additionally, the fabrics and methods utilized in the act of metalworking are basically defined in phrases which are simply understood by way of a practitioner with tacit wisdom of the medium. prompt extra readings and cross-references permit for the growth of analysis and extra examine. it truly is a great first source for figuring out the thoughts and terminology of the traditional and pervasive craft of metalworking. quantity contains 8 pages of colour plates, and black and white images throughout.

*Art Deco *Marianne Brandt *Chinese *Dark a long time *Enamel *Engraving *Georg Jensen *Judaica *Metals and their Alloys *Native American *Plating and Leaf *Renaissance *June Schwartz *Soldering *South American *Samuel Yellin

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Download Astride Two Worlds: Technology and the American Civil War by Barton C. Hacker PDF

By Barton C. Hacker

by way of the center of the 19th century, industrialization and military-technological innovation have been commencing to adjust tremendously the nature and stipulations of war because it have been performed for hundreds of years. taking place in the middle of those far-reaching adjustments, the yank Civil warfare can justly be categorised either the final nice preindustrial conflict and the 1st significant conflict of the commercial age. business means attained new degrees of army value as transportation more suitable, yet during this, as in lots of different respects, the Civil warfare was once quite transitional. Smoothbore artillery nonetheless ruled the battlefield, horse-drawn wagons and pack mules nonetheless carried the most logistic burden, seamstresses nonetheless outnumbered sewing-machine operators. Astride Worlds addresses some of the factors and results of technological switch for the direction and consequence of the yank Civil War.

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Download History of Technology Volume 31 by Ian Inkster PDF

By Ian Inkster

New paintings on early smooth Europe has now spread out the hidden avenues that hyperlink alterations of applied sciences with a fancy of cognitive, institutional, spatial and cultural components. it's actual that every one divisions of heritage desire to include all different divisions unto themselves, yet within the essays of our first assortment there are particular circumstances and analyses in actual fact delineated to teach how applied sciences and platforms for the construction, replica and illustration of technological alterations emerged out of primary elements of eu society and mentality. The query has to be: How a ways have been such basic elements distinctive (in their entirety and configuration) to Europe?

The moment assortment on patent corporation takes the trendy industrialization of Europe as its concentration, and illustrates the style in which platforms of highbrow estate rights generated manifold companies that acted to either unfold and regulate using wisdom in complex websites. Patent corporation has been more often than not overlooked via historians, one reason behind this being the trouble of defining potent organisation past the most obvious confines of these who have been truly educated and remunerated as brokers of invention. casual networks or websites can have been an important in changing basic patent platforms into neighborhood environs of technical advance.

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