Download The Bark Canoes and Skin Boats of North America by Edwin Tappan Adney,Howard I. Chappelle PDF

By Edwin Tappan Adney,Howard I. Chappelle

The bark canoes of the North American Indians, fairly these of birchbark, have been one of the such a lot hugely constructed manually propelled primitive watercraft. they can be used to hold heavy a lot in shallow streams yet have been gentle adequate to be hauled lengthy distances over land. equipped with Stone Age instruments from to be had fabrics, their layout, measurement, and visual appeal have been diverse to fit the numerous necessities in their clients. Upon arrival in North the United States, ecu settlers started utilizing the native-made craft for touring throughout the desolate tract. Even this day, canoes are in line with those historical designs. This interesting consultant combines ancient heritage with directions for developing one. writer Edwin Tappan Adney, born in 1868, dedicated his existence to learning canoes and was once virtually the only real student in his box. His papers and study were assembled by means of a curator on the Smithsonian establishment, and illustrated with black-and-white line drawings, diagrams, and photos.

Included listed below are measurements, specified drawings, building equipment, and versions. The publication covers canoes from Newfoundland to the Pacific Ocean, in addition to umiaks and kayaks from the Arctic.

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Download The Transformation of the World: A Global History of the by Jürgen Osterhammel,Patrick Camiller PDF

By Jürgen Osterhammel,Patrick Camiller

A enormous background of the 19th century, The Transformation of the World deals a wide ranging and multifaceted portrait of an international in transition. Jürgen Osterhammel, an eminent student who has been referred to as the Braudel of the 19th century, strikes past traditional Eurocentric and chronological debts of the period, providing as an alternative a very international heritage of breathtaking scope and towering erudition. He examines the strong and intricate forces that drove international switch throughout the "long 19th century," taking readers from long island to New Delhi, from the Latin American revolutions to the Taiping uprising, from the perils and promise of Europe's transatlantic hard work markets to the hardships persevered through nomadic, tribal peoples around the planet. Osterhammel describes a global more and more networked by means of the telegraph, the steamship, and the railways. He explores the altering dating among humans and nature, appears to be like on the significance of towns, explains the function slavery and its abolition performed within the emergence of latest countries, demanding situations the commonly held trust that the 19th century witnessed the triumph of the countryside, and masses more.

This is the hugely expected English version of the spectacularly winning and significantly acclaimed German e-book, that is additionally being translated into chinese language, Polish, Russian, and French. crucial for any historian, The Transformation of the World sheds vital new gentle in this momentous epoch, exhibiting how the 19th century lead the way for the worldwide catastrophes of the 20th century, but the way it additionally gave upward push to pacifism, liberalism, the exchange union, and a bunch of alternative the most important developments.

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Download The Camera Does the Rest: How Polaroid Changed Photography by Peter Buse PDF

By Peter Buse

In a global the place approximately every body has a cell digicam able to zapping numerous immediate images, it may be a problem to recollect simply how distinctive and transformative Polaroid images used to be in its day. And but, there’s nonetheless whatever magical for these people who keep in mind looking ahead to a Polaroid photo to boost. Writing within the context of 2 Polaroid company bankruptcies, let alone the obsolescence of its movie, Peter Buse argues that Polaroid used to be, and is, distinctive via its process—by the truth that, because the New York Times positioned it in 1947, “the digital camera does the rest.”

           

Polaroid was once usually brushed off as a toy, yet Buse takes it heavily, displaying the way it inspired photographic play in addition to new kinds of inventive perform. Drawing on unheard of entry to the data of the Polaroid company, Buse finds Polaroid as images at its so much intimate, the place the photographer, picture, and topic take a seat in shut proximity in either time and space—making Polaroid not just the right celebration digicam but additionally the software for frankly salacious photographs taking.

           

Along the way in which, Buse tells the tale of the Polaroid company and its eventually doomed hard-copy bet opposed to the emerging tide of electronic imaging expertise. He explores the continuities and the variations among Polaroid and electronic, reflecting on what Polaroid can let us know approximately how we snap pictures at the present time. Richly illustrated, The digital camera Does the Rest will satisfaction historians, artwork critics, analog enthusiasts, photographers, and all those that leave out the fun of ready to work out what develops.

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Download Vulnerability in Technological Cultures: New Directions in by Anique Hommels,Jessica Mesman,Wiebe E. Bijker PDF

By Anique Hommels,Jessica Mesman,Wiebe E. Bijker

Novel applied sciences and medical developments provide not just possibilities yet dangers. Technological platforms are at risk of human blunders and technical malfunctioning that experience far-reaching results: one flipped swap could cause a cascading strength failure throughout a networked electrical grid. but, as soon as addressed, vulnerability followed via coping mechanisms could yield a extra versatile and resilient society. This publication investigates vulnerability, in either its unfavourable and positive factors, in technological cultures. The participants argue that viewing probability when it comes to vulnerability bargains a unique method of realizing the dangers and advantages of technological know-how and expertise. Such an procedure broadens traditional danger research by way of connecting to problems with justice, harmony, and livelihood, and permitting comparisons among the worldwide north and south. The ebook explores case reports that variety from agricultural practices in India to neonatal extensive care medication in Western hospitals; those circumstances, spanning the problems addressed within the ebook, illustrate what vulnerability is and does. The publication deals conceptual frameworks for empirical description and research of vulnerability that elucidate its ambiguity, context dependence, and built nature. eventually, the e-book addresses the results of those analyses for the governance of vulnerability, providing a extra reflexive manner of facing vulnerability in technological cultures.ContributorsMarjolein van Asselt, Martin Boeckhout, Wiebe Bijker, Tessa Fox, Stephen Healy, Anique Hommels, Sheila Jasanoff,Jozef Keulartz, Jessica Mesman, Ger Palmboom, C. Shambu Prasad, Julia Quartz, Johan M. Sanne, Maartje Schermer, Teesta Setelvad, Esha Shah, Andy Stirling, Imrat Verhoeven, Esther Versluis, Shiv Visvanathan, Gerard de Vries, Ger Wackers, Dick Willems

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Download Makers of the Telegraph: Samuel Morse, Ezra Cornell and by Kenneth B. Lifshitz PDF

By Kenneth B. Lifshitz

The single-wire telegraph revolutionized lengthy distance conversation however it was once now not the brainchild of 1 inventor, Samuel Morse. His colleagues and employees—specifically Ezra Cornell and Joseph Henry—made the most important contributions.
reading the careers of the 3 males and the foremost occasions, this booklet provides Morse as basically a businessman and consolidator of principles who, often in clash together with his affiliates, sought to provide the telegraph as a uniform process less than his sole imprimatur. The conflict among Morse and Cornell over the discovery of the magnetic relay used to be primary to the drama.
What emerges is a fancy portrait of 3 bold and really good innovators and the age within which they lived.

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Download The Fall and Rise of Nuclear Power in Britain: A history by Simon Taylor PDF

By Simon Taylor

Britain was once a pioneer in civil nuclear energy and there have been excessive hopes within the Nineteen Fifties that this may be a resource of inexpensive electrical energy and a invaluable export chance. within the Fall and upward thrust of Nuclear strength in Britain, Simon Taylor appears at why those hopes have been by no means realised, and the way we now have come to work out a brand new upward thrust in nuclear strength in recent times. during the ebook, Taylor appears at: power coverage, economics, politics and altering environmental priorities. Will this new nuclear strength grow to be a heroic tale of united kingdom management on a question of worldwide significance, or will end up a highly high priced folly, as with British nuclear energy within the past?

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Download Between Human and Machine: Feedback, Control, and Computing by David A. Mindell PDF

By David A. Mindell

Today, we affiliate the connection among suggestions, keep watch over, and computing with Norbert Wiener's 1948 formula of cybernetics. however the theoretical and useful foundations for cybernetics, regulate engineering, and electronic computing have been laid past, among the 2 global wars. In Between Human and desktop: suggestions, keep an eye on, and Computing ahead of Cybernetics, David A. Mindell exhibits how the fashionable sciences of platforms emerged from disparate engineering cultures and their convergence in the course of global conflict II.

Mindell examines 4 varied arenas of keep watch over structures study within the usa among the area wars: naval hearth keep watch over, the Sperry Gyroscope corporation, the Bell phone Laboratories, and Vannevar Bush's laboratory at MIT. every one of those institutional websites had special technical difficulties, organizational imperatives, and dealing environments, and every fostered a special engineering tradition. each one additionally constructed applied sciences to symbolize the area in a machine.

At the start of global battle II, President Roosevelt demonstrated the nationwide protection learn Committee, one department of which used to be dedicated to keep watch over platforms. Mindell indicates how the NDRC introduced jointly representatives from the 4 pre-war engineering cultures, and the way its initiatives synthesized conceptions of keep watch over, communications, and computing. by the point Wiener articulated his imaginative and prescient, those principles have been already suffusing via engineering. they might profoundly impact the electronic world.

As a brand new approach to conceptualize the background of computing, this publication can be of serious curiosity to historians of technological know-how, expertise, and tradition, in addition to laptop scientists and theorists. Between Human and desktop: suggestions, regulate, and Computing sooner than Cybernetics

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Download Les barbares. Essai sur la mutation (HORS SERIE LITT) by Alessandro Baricco,Françoise Brun,Vincent Raynaud PDF

By Alessandro Baricco,Françoise Brun,Vincent Raynaud

Que peut notre tradition face aux assauts du monde actuel ? Telle est l. a. query que se pose l’auteur de Soie et de Novecento devant l’effacement progressif d’une tradition de sort classique au revenue de l. a. modernité apportée par les nouvelles applied sciences. Le village de l. a. tradition est-il mis à sac par les barbares ? se demande Alessandro Baricco. Oui, mais son yet n’est pas de juger. Il s’agit au contraire de comprendre qui sont ces barbares et plus encore remark ils procèdent, quels sont leur logique, leur mode de fonctionnement, les dégâts qu’ils ont causés et les leçons qu’on peut en tirer. À travers divers exemples (le vin, le soccer, les livres, los angeles musique classique, Google), Alessandro Baricco dresse un fulgurant portrait de cette mutation et s’interroge sur le notion d’expérience, sur l. a. localisation du sens, pour nous et pour ces nouveaux barbares. Un passionnant voyage dans le présent qui le mène jusque sur los angeles Grande Muraille de Chine.

Avec sérieux et humour, Alessandro Baricco nous livre une réflexion specialty et articulée qui constitue une contribution précieuse au débat sur l’avenir de los angeles tradition. Riche d’idées et de feedback, Les barbares est un livre qui nous concerne tous.

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Download Making Silicon Valley: Innovation and the Growth of High by Christophe Lécuyer PDF

By Christophe Lécuyer

In Making Silicon Valley, Christophe Lécuyer indicates that the explosive progress of the non-public machine in Silicon Valley was once the end result of a long time of progress and innovation within the San Francisco-area electronics undefined. utilizing the instruments of technological know-how and expertise reports, he explores the formation of Silicon Valley as an business district, from its beginnings because the domestic of some radio businesses that operated within the shadow of RCA and different East Coast corporations via its institution as a middle of the electronics and a number one manufacturer of energy grid tubes, microwave tubes, and semiconductors. He strains the emergence of the cutting edge practices that made this development attainable via following key teams of engineers and marketers. He examines the forces open air Silicon Valley that formed the -- particularly the influence of army patronage and procurement at the development of the and at the improvement of applied sciences -- and considers the impact of Stanford collage and different neighborhood associations of upper learning.Lécuyer argues that Silicon Valley's emergence and its development have been made attainable via the improvement of designated skills in production, in product engineering, and in administration. marketers discovered to combine invention, layout, production, and revenues logistics, and so they built incentives to draw and keep a talented and prompted team. the biggest Silicon Valley businesses -- together with Eitel-McCullough (Eimac), Litton Industries, Varian affiliates, Fairchild Semiconductor, and Intel -- ruled the yankee markets for complex tubes and semiconductors and, due to their concepts in production, layout, and administration, served as versions and incubators for different electronics ventures within the area.

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Download Truth, Lies, and O-Rings: Inside the Space Shuttle by Allan J. McDonald,James R. Hansen PDF

By Allan J. McDonald,James R. Hansen

On a chilly January morning in 1986, NASA introduced the distance travel Challenger, regardless of warnings opposed to doing so by means of lots of individuals, together with Allan McDonald. The fiery destruction of Challenger on stay tv moments after release is still an indelible picture within the nation’s collective reminiscence.

In Truth, Lies, and O-Rings, McDonald, a talented engineer and govt, relives the tragedy from the place he stood at release keep an eye on middle. As he fought to attract consciousness to the true purposes at the back of the catastrophe, he used to be the single one precise for retribution through either NASA and his corporation, Morton Thiokol, Inc., makers of the shuttle's strong rocket boosters. during this whistle-blowing but rigorous and fair-minded publication, McDonald, with the help of the world over exceptional aerospace historian James R. Hansen, addresses all of the criteria that resulted in the twist of fate, a few of that have been by no means incorporated in NASA's Failure group record submitted to the Presidential Commission.

Truth, Lies, and O-Rings is the 1st examine the Challenger tragedy and its aftermath from somebody who used to be at the inside of, famous the aptitude catastrophe, and attempted to avoid it. It additionally addresses the early warnings of very critical particles matters from the 1st post-Challenger flights, which finally ended in the lack of Columbia a few fifteen years later.

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